Curfews and Civillian Deaths in Turkey

This study aims to visualize the data on the violations of right to life that has taken place in the context of the ongoing curfews in Turkey’s Kurdish provinces. The data obtained from the reporting work of the Documentation Center of the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (TİHV) is presented under four sections of interactive tables:

  1. Timetable presents the place, dates and duration for the curfews,
  2. Numbers section presents the number of people who lost their lives, disaggregated based on age, place and gender,
  3. Map section presents in geographic map the districts of curfews, and the number of days and number of killings that took place in each of the districts.
  4. List of Names presents the information on the identity of the killed civillians, on how they were killed, along with news sources of the event.

Method and Source of Data

As mentioned above, the data on the violations of the right to life used in this study come from the work of TİHV. They have not been verified through forensic data and field work, that is due to both practical limitations and various forms of violations of the right to information (as explained here). For this reason, Truth, Justice, Memory Center (Hafiza Merkezi) can not confirm their absolute accuracy. The list is an ongoing work prepared by the obtained information as of 16 August 2016, which is open to changes with more access to confirmed data.

Findings

As noted in TİHV’s fact sheet, important facts on the scope and content of the prepared data are as follows:

  • Since August 16, 2015 (which is the date of first declared curfew) until August 16, 2016 at least 321 civilians lost their lives in regions and periods of time that curfews were officially declared. 79 are children, 71 are female and 30 are over the age 60 within these people.
  • It is estimated that at least 76 civilians, whose information on how they died is obtained, lost their lives due to not being allowed to reach Right to Health.
  • At least 202 civilians, whose information on how they died is obtained, lost their lives while they were within the boundaries of their homes/indoor areas. 23 of these lost their lives due to the direct stress effect of curfews on their health conditions. Moreover, 147 of these people who lost their lives within the boundaries of their homes/indoor areas were only in Cizre District.